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Dr. Edward Peters 

To work for the proper implementation of canon law is to play an extraordinarily

constructive role in continuing the redemptive mission of Christ. Pope St. John Paul II

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Abbreviations

Masterpage

1983 Code

 

Masterpage

1917 Code

 Masterpage

 Liber Extra

 

 Masterpage

 Eastern Code

Resolution

1152 x 864

Updated

6 sep 2017

Latin for Graduate Students (LA 500)

SHMS

Students


Notices ►

None.


General remarks

 

Latin is not the way ancient Romans spoke English, it's the way ancient Romans spoke. Grasp that and one has the essence of the thing.

 

This course presents what must be understood about Latin in order to learn and use Latin.

 

Class meets: Tuesdays, 6:30 pm to 8:30 pm, Room 110.

 

Required text: None. Students must, however, have in-class access to William Whittaker's Words or another electronic or downloadable dictionary such as 'Lewis & Short' or 'SPQR'. But see Suggested Resources below.

 

Class format: Lecture and translation exercises. The goal is to have the grammar and syntax presented by the end of October, leaving November and early December free to practice using the techniques outlined.

 

Course grading: PASS/FAIL based on one's performance on various translation exercises to be completed outside of class. No midterm or final.

 

Additional remarks

 

This course assumes no prior study of Latin; its goal is to show students how to acquire a reading knowledge of Latin suitable for use in a Catholic, graduate, theological context.

 

A two-credit survey course is, of course, insufficient time to acquire enough Latin grammatical forms and vocabulary so as to approach Latin texts independently. Students should memorize as best they can the various forms encountered in this course (the benefits of doing so are many!) but they should especially strive to learn how to use the various translation tools and techniques discussed in this course.

 

The differences between "Classical Latin" and "Ecclesiastical Latin" are real but routinely exaggerated. This course inclines toward ecclesiastical usage (though the point is insignificant in this context).

 

Suggested resources

 

Students engaged in graduate level study of Ecclesiastical Latin should have access to the following works.

Richard Prior & Joseph Goldberg, 501 Latin Verbs Fully Conjugated [1995], 2nd ed., (Barron's, 2008) 689 pp.

 

John Collins (1937-2002), A Primer of Ecclesiastical Latin [1985], (Catholic University of America, 1988) 451 pp., and John Dunlap, An Answer Key to Primer of Ecclesiastical Latin (Catholic University of America, 2006) 168 pp.

 

Basil Gildersleeve (1831-1924), Gildersleeve’s Latin Grammar [1867], as revised by Gonzalez Lodge, (Dover, 2009) 546 pp.

 


Prayers

 

These prayers use

prose prompts.

In nomine Patris, et Filii, et Spiritus Sancti. Amen.

 

Pater Noster, qui es in cælis: sanctificetur nomen tuum; adveniat regnum tuum; fiat voluntas tua, sicut in cælo, et in terra. Panem nostrum quotidianum da nobis hodie; et dimitte nobis debita nostra, sicut et nos dimittimus debitoribus nostris; et ne nos inducas in tentationem; sed libera nos a malo.

 

Ave Maria, gratia plena, Dominus tecum. Benedicta tu in mulieribus, et benedictus fructus ventris tui, Jesus. Sancta Maria, Mater Dei, ora pro nobis peccatoribus, nunc et in hora mortis nostræ. Amen.

 

Gloria Patri, et Filio, et Spiritui Sancto; sicut erat in principio, et nunc, et semper, et in sæcula sæculorum. Amen.

 


Topic 01

 

 

Orientation to Ecclesiastical Latin

Concepts include: History, Fundamental Syntax, Parts of Speech

 

Basics

  • Peters, Ecclesiastical Latin, here.

Distinguishing Latin grammar and syntax from English grammar and syntax.

  • Latin is not English, Latin is not English, Latin is not English! Latin and English are not simply different languages in the way that, say, English and Spanish are different languages. Rather, Latin and English are different kinds of languages.

Identifying parts of speech.

 

Some learning techniques.

  • Peters, Basic Prayers in Latin, here.

  • Nuntii Latini, here.


Topic 02

 

 

Nouns

Concepts include: Declension, Number, Gender, Case.

Read about it in Collins, Chaps. 1, 2, 3, 15, 16, 19.

  • Handout, Nouns


Topic 03

Adjectives

Concepts include: Agreement, Degrees of Comparison

Read about it in Collins, Chaps. 4, 16, 28

 


Topic 04

Verbs (Regular, Indicative)

Concepts include: Number, Person, Tense, Conjugation

Read about it in Collins, Chaps. 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 13

  • Handout, Verbs (Regular)


Topic 05

Verbs (Irregular, Indicative)

Concepts include: Number, Person, Tense, Conjugation

Read about it in Collins, Chaps. 3, 12, 17, 33, 34

  • Handout, Verbs (Irregular)


Topic 06

Prepositions, Conjunctions, Adverbs

Concepts include: Literal and Metaphorical use, Degrees of Comparison

Read about it in Collins, Chaps. 1, 27

 


Topic 07

Pronouns

Concepts include: Personal, Relative, Possessive

Read about it in Collins, Chaps. 10, 19, 23, 24, 26, 28, 29

  • Chart, Relatives

  • Chart, Personals

  • Chart, Possessives

  • Peters, General Ecclesiastical Latin Charts, here.

  • Peters, Models for Using Relative Pronouns (Adjectival Phrases), here.


Topic 08

Key Syntax

Concepts include: English coincidence and conflict, Word Order, Dative of the Possessor, Power of the Ablative

 


Topic 09

"Curve Balls"

Concepts include: Deponent Verbs, Subjunctive, Imperative, Subject-Accusative, Demonstratives

Read about it in Collins, Chaps. 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 30

  • Handout, Demonstratives


Topic 10 and onward

The Latin Sentence